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Home >> Countries
Map of Europe
The Netherlands
Short Description
Country Map The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. It is a parliamentary democracy organised as a unitary state. The country capital is Amsterdam and the seat of government is The Hague. The Netherlands in its entirety is often referred to as Holland, although North and South Holland are actually only two of its twelve provinces (a case of pars pro toto; see terminology of "the Netherlands").

The Netherlands is a geographically low-lying country, with about 25% of its area and 21% of its population located below sea level, and 50% of its land lying less than one metre above sea level. This distinct feature contributes to the country's name in many other European languages (e.g. German: Niederlande, Croatian: Nizozemska, French: Les Pays-Bas, Italian: Paesi Bassi and Spanish: Países Bajos, literally mean "(The) Low Countries"). Significant land area has been gained through land reclamation and preserved through an elaborate system of polders and dikes. Much of the Netherlands is formed by the estuary of three important European rivers, which together with their distributaries form the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta. Most of the country is very flat, with the exception of foothills in the far southeast and several low-hill ranges in the central parts.

The Netherlands was one of the first countries to have an elected parliament. Among other affiliations the country is a founding member of the EU, NATO, OECD and WTO. With Belgium and Luxembourg it forms the Benelux economic union. The country is host to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and five international courts: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The first four are situated in The Hague as is the EU's criminal intelligence agency Europol and judicial co-operation agency Eurojust. This has led to the city being dubbed "the world's legal capital". The Netherlands has a capitalist market-based economy, ranking 13th of 157 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. In May 2011, the Netherlands was ranked as the "happiest" country according to results published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

(Source: Wikipedia)
Wikipedia Link
Wikitravel Link
Geographical Facts
Population 16 732 000
Area 41 848 km² / 16 158 mil²
Drives on the Right
Calling Code 31
Time Zones UTC+01:00
Political Situation
Member of the EU yes
Member of the Schengen Aea yes
Official Languages Dutch
Description None
Medical Situation
Recommended Vaccination
RoutineHepatitis B
Additional Information
Voltages / Frequency
230 V 50
Other Names-
Subunit Symbolc
Cruise Line Cruise Name Days Total
A-RosaHistoric Cities11
Panoramic Adventures10
Panoramic Rhine Northbound8
Panoramic Rhine Southbound8
Rhine North & South10
Rhine North Tulips8
The Enchanting Rhine9
Ama WaterwaysChristmas on the Rhine13
Magnificent Europe16
Magnificent Europe (Christmas Cruise)16
North Sea to the Black Sea27
The Enchanting Rhine13
Treasures of the Main & Rhine11
Tulip Time Cruise9
Vineyards of the Rhine & Mosel12
Avalon WaterwaysCanals Vineyards Paris 201510
European Splendor13
Magnificent Europe15
North Sea - Black Sea Cruise24
Rhine & Rhone Revealed16
Romantic Rhine8
The Rhine & Moselle13
Tulip Time Cruise8
Tulips of Northern Holland8
Windmills, Vineyards & Paris10
Emerald WaterwaysChristmas Markets for Europe15
Magical Rhine & Moselle12
Splendours of Europe15
Grand Circle TravelChristmas Markets along the Rhine11
Grand European Cruise28
Holland & Belgium in Springtime12
Romance of the Rhine & Mosel16
The Great Rivers of Europe16
Lueftner CruisesAcross Europe15
Classical Music on the Rhine8
Classical Rhine Cruise8
Short Cruise Cologne - Amsterdam4
Three River Cruise8
Tulip Cruise8
Scenic ToursGrand Europe24
Highlights of the Rhine8
Jewels of Europe15
Magnificent Rhine and Rhone15
Romantic Rhine & Moselle15
Tulip Time8
TauckAmsterdam to Budapest15
Belgium & Holland in the Spring10
Danube Reflections10
Grand European Cruise24
The Rhine and Moselle13
The Romantic Rhine: Basel to Amsterdam8
Uniworld Boutique River CruisesCastles along the Rhine8
European Jewels15
European Serenade14
Grand European River Voyage27
Holland & Belgium at Tulip Time8
Legendary Rhine & Moselle13
Springtime Tulips & the Rhine8
Tulips & Windmills10
Vantage Deluxe World TravelChristmas on the Rhine & Main Rivers13
Grand Inaugural River Cruise: Highlights of Holland & Belgium9
Highlights of Holland & Belgium8
Switzerland & the Heart of the Rhine & Moselle15
Waterways of Holland & Belgium: Tulips, Windmills & Canals11
Viking River CruisesEuropean Sojourn23
Grand European Tour15
Grand Rivers of Europe22
Rhine Getaway8
River of History8
Tulips & Windmills10