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Rivers

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River
Elbe
Description
River Map Summary
The Elbe is the 14th longest river in Europe, flows through Bohemia, Saxony down to Hamburg.

History
The Name Elbe derives from the ancient indogerman word "albhos" - "white" (river). In modern times it is used for commercial shipping since 1842 as it provides a route between the Hamburg and Prague in Bohemia. The Middelelbe connects to the northgerman canals, thus providing a transport route to the industrial Ruhr Area and the Rhine River at Duisburg.

Geography
From its source the Elbe flows southwards, then turns west before it flows north towards the North Sea. At Melnik the Moldau (Vltava) discarges into the Elbe. Actually ithe Vltava is much longer than the Elbe at that point, but due to medieval tradition, the river is still called Elbe. Behind the Czech - German border, the Elbe flows through the Saxony Swiss. North of Meissen the Elbe enters the Northgerman Lowlands. For a short distance the Elbe formed the Inner German border during the Cold War. After it passes Hamburg and its oversea harbour, it discarges into the North Sea.

Locks
Total of 7 locks. 6 Locks on the czech side of the border upstream until you reach Melnik (at the confluence of the Vltava). Just close to Hamburg is another lock at Geesthacht. Most cruises end (or start) at Bad Schandau on the german side of the border and transfer to Prague by bus.

Cruise it
A typical two week cruise on the Elbe starts in Hamburg, includes trips to Berlin and ends in the czech capital Prague. If you decide just to go for one week, you will most likely start in Berlin, board in the Magdeburg area and cruise to Prague. Usually cruises do not go the last few miles from Melnik up the Vltava (unlike -2010), so be prepared for some bussing around.
Additional Facts http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elbe
Altitude Profile
Geographical Facts
Length 1 091 km / 678 mil
Length Airline 563 km / 350 mil
GPS Source 50° 46′ 32.59″ N, 15° 32′ 10.14″ E
Source Elevation 1386 m / 4 547 feet
Mouth Elevation 0 m / 0 feet
GPS Mouth 53° 55′ 20″ N, 8° 43′ 20″ E
Basin Area 148 268 km² / 57 231 mil²
Average Discarge 870 m³/s / 30 724 ft³/s
Waters IntoElbe - North Sea
Runs through countries
Czech Republic - Germany

Upstream KMStation NameYesterday Average
787.00 Melnik 265
718.00 Usti nad Labem 199
695.00 Děčín 173
683.00 Hřensko 206
679.95 Schöna 161
647.33 Pirna 184
626.37 Dresden 148
599.80 Meissen 208
573.60 Riesa 231
553.98 Mühlberg 269
527.85 Torgau 185
497.55 Pretzsch-Mauken 180
481.85 Elster 183
467.86 Wittenberg 249
445.69 Coswig 256
436.38 Vockerode 220
424.16 Rosslau 199
420.84 Dessau 217
407.25 Aken 204
387.18 Barby 204
370.24 Schönebeck 235
356.61 Magdeburg-Buckau 214
355.33 Magdeburg-Strombrücke 172
348.88 Rothensee 267
338.40 Niegripp AP 366
331.36 Rögatz NA
293.74 Tangermünde 279
285.89 Storkau 318
265.94 Sandau 323
234.78 Scharleuk 310
228.02 Wittenberge 293
218.06 Müggendorf NA
207.44 Schnackenburg 304
197.30 Lenzen 290
177.28 Dömitz 226
172.65 Damnatz 314
159.08 Hitzacker 293
145.45 Neu Darchau 297
132.29 Bleckede 710
122.54 Boizenburg 216
113.03 Hohnstorf 494
108.20 Artlenburg 456
98.64 Geestacht 407
96.01 Wehr Geesthacht UP 711