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Rivers

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River
Elbe
Description
River Map Summary
The Elbe is the 14th longest river in Europe, flows through Bohemia, Saxony down to Hamburg.

History
The Name Elbe derives from the ancient indogerman word "albhos" - "white" (river). In modern times it is used for commercial shipping since 1842 as it provides a route between the Hamburg and Prague in Bohemia. The Middelelbe connects to the northgerman canals, thus providing a transport route to the industrial Ruhr Area and the Rhine River at Duisburg.

Geography
From its source the Elbe flows southwards, then turns west before it flows north towards the North Sea. At Melnik the Moldau (Vltava) discarges into the Elbe. Actually ithe Vltava is much longer than the Elbe at that point, but due to medieval tradition, the river is still called Elbe. Behind the Czech - German border, the Elbe flows through the Saxony Swiss. North of Meissen the Elbe enters the Northgerman Lowlands. For a short distance the Elbe formed the Inner German border during the Cold War. After it passes Hamburg and its oversea harbour, it discarges into the North Sea.

Locks
Total of 7 locks. 6 Locks on the czech side of the border upstream until you reach Melnik (at the confluence of the Vltava). Just close to Hamburg is another lock at Geesthacht. Most cruises end (or start) at Bad Schandau on the german side of the border and transfer to Prague by bus.

Cruise it
A typical two week cruise on the Elbe starts in Hamburg, includes trips to Berlin and ends in the czech capital Prague. If you decide just to go for one week, you will most likely start in Berlin, board in the Magdeburg area and cruise to Prague. Usually cruises do not go the last few miles from Melnik up the Vltava (unlike -2010), so be prepared for some bussing around.
Additional Facts http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elbe
Altitude Profile
Geographical Facts
Length 1 091 km / 678 mil
Length Airline 563 km / 350 mil
GPS Source 50° 46′ 32.59″ N, 15° 32′ 10.14″ E
Source Elevation 1386 m / 4 547 feet
Mouth Elevation 0 m / 0 feet
GPS Mouth 53° 55′ 20″ N, 8° 43′ 20″ E
Basin Area 148 268 km² / 57 231 mil²
Average Discarge 870 m³/s / 30 724 ft³/s
Waters IntoElbe - North Sea
Runs through countries
Czech Republic - Germany

Upstream KMStation NameYesterday Average
787.00 Melnik 265
718.00 Usti nad Labem 246
695.00 Děčín 230
683.00 Hřensko 264
679.95 Schöna 218
647.33 Pirna 244
626.37 Dresden 207
599.80 Meissen 266
573.60 Riesa 286
553.98 Mühlberg 323
527.85 Torgau 240
497.55 Pretzsch-Mauken 250
481.85 Elster 251
467.86 Wittenberg 318
445.69 Coswig 326
436.38 Vockerode 289
424.16 Rosslau 278
420.84 Dessau 296
407.25 Aken 284
387.18 Barby 290
370.24 Schönebeck 319
356.61 Magdeburg-Buckau 274
355.33 Magdeburg-Strombrücke 245
348.88 Rothensee 378
338.40 Niegripp AP 471
331.36 Rögatz 279
293.74 Tangermünde 396
285.89 Storkau 424
265.94 Sandau 429
234.78 Scharleuk 416
228.02 Wittenberge 400
218.06 Müggendorf 412
207.44 Schnackenburg 413
197.30 Lenzen 409
177.28 Dömitz 337
172.65 Damnatz 427
159.08 Hitzacker 405
145.45 Neu Darchau 411
132.29 Bleckede 819
122.54 Boizenburg 315
113.03 Hohnstorf 571
108.20 Artlenburg 521
98.64 Geestacht 423
96.01 Wehr Geesthacht UP 719