Slideshow 1

Countries

Write a Review
write a reviewYou have been on a river cruise in Europe this season? Please take a few minutes and write a review. Especially if you used the River Cruise Info App this is a great way to say "Thanks" for all the information you got for free. :)
Home >> Countries
Map of Europe
Country
Turkey
Short Description
Country Map Turkey, known officially as the Republic of Turkey, is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia (mostly in the Anatolian peninsula) and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan (the exclave of Nakhchivan) and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between East Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia.

Turkey is one of the six independent Turkic states. The vast majority of the population are Muslims. The country's official language is Turkish, whereas Kurdish and Zazaki languages are spoken by Kurds and Zazas, who constitute 18% of the population.

Oghuz Turks began migrating into the area now called Turkey (derived from the Medieval Latin Turchia, i.e. "Land of the Turks") in the 11th century. The process was greatly accelerated by the Seljuk victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert. Several small beyliks and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion. Starting from the 13th century, the Ottoman beylik united Anatolia and created an empire encompassing much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. After the Ottoman Empire collapsed following its defeat in World War I, parts of it were occupied by the victorious Allies. A cadre of young military officers, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues, organized a successful resistance to the Allies; in 1923, they would establish the modern Republic of Turkey with Atatürk as its first president.

Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with an ancient cultural heritage. Turkey has become increasingly integrated with the West through membership in organisations such as the Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, OSCE and the G-20 major economies. Turkey began full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005, having been an associate member of the European Economic Community since 1963 and having reached a customs union agreement in 1995. Turkey has also fostered close cultural, political, economic and industrial relations with the Middle East, the Turkic states of Central Asia and the African countries through membership in organisations such as the Turkic Council, Joint Administration of Turkic Arts and Culture, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organisation.

Turkey's location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of significant geostrategic importance. Given its strategic location, large economy and military strength, Turkey is a major regional power.

(Source: Wikipedia)
Wikipedia Link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey
Wikitravel Link http://wikitravel.org/en/Turkey
Geographical Facts
Population 73 723 000
Area 783 562 km² / 302 535 mil²
Drives on the Right
Calling Code 90
Time Zones UTC+02:00
Political Situation
Member of the EU no
Member of the Schengen Aea no
Official Languages Turkish
Description None
Medical Situation
Recommended Vaccination
RoutineHepatitis A or immune globulin (IG)
Hepatitis BRabies
Typhoid
Additional Information http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/turkey.htm
Voltages / Frequency
230 V 50
Currency
NameTurkish Lira
UnitTRY
SubunitsKurus
ISO4217TRY
Other NamesTurkish Lira
Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_Lira
SymbolTL
Subunit Symbolkr
Cruises go to this Cities
EdirneIstanbul